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2015年英语专业四级考试作文常用句型:引导句(1)

  文章开头首先引出人们对要讨论的问题的不同看法,然后提出作者自己的不同看法,或偏向的那个看法。对立法的句型多用于有争议性的主题。

  1 When asked about..., the vast / overwhelmingmajority of / most / many / quite a few people say /think / believe / answer that.... But other peopleregard / view / see / think of.. . as.... / I think /viewquite / a bit differently.

  如:

  1.1 When asked about the biggest problem today, many people say that it is the seriousenergy crisis. They are afraid that the world will soon run out of oil and run short of food. Butother people hold optimistic views: they regard it as a natural result of the economicdevelopment and believe it will be only solved with further advances in economyand technology.

  当问起世界上现在最大的问题是什么,许多人说是严重的能源危机。他们担心人类不久会用完石油、发生食品短缺!但有些人则持乐观的看法。他们把能源危机看成是经济发展的自然结果,而且只有随着经济和技术的进一步发展才能得以解决。

  1.2 When asked what kind of career they will pursue upon graduation, mist college studentssay that they would choose a job which will bring them lot of money and a conformable life.Working in a big bank or company is what they desire. But I think quite differently. I wouldprefer a career which will help realize my potentials.

  当问起毕业后干什么,大多数大学生说,他们会找一个能给他们带来许多钱和舒适生活的工作。在一家大银行或大的公司里工作是他们所向往的。但是我的想法大不相同。我要选择一个能够发挥我的才能的职业。

  2 When It comes to..., some people think / believethat.... Others argue / claim that the opposite /reverse is true.

  There Is probably some truth in both arguments /statements , but....

  2.1 When it comes to international sport such as theOlympic Games and the World Cup soccer game,some people believe that it creates goodwillbetween the nations and that if countries play gamestogether they will learn to live together. Others saythat the opposite is true: that international contests encourage false national pride and lead inmisunderstanding and hatred. There is probably a little bit of truth in both arguments, but inrecent years the Olympic Games have done little to support the view that sports encourageinternational brotherhood.

  当说到国际体育比赛,诸如奥林匹克运动会和世界杯足球赛,有些人认为它能增进国与国之间的友善。如果许多国家在一起比赛交流,他们就会知道怎么一起生活。但另一些人则持相反的观点。他们认为国际体育竞赛只会造成虚假的民族自豪感,导致相互间的误解和仇恨。这两种观点可能都有点道理,但是从最近几年的奥林匹克运动会来看,很少能证明体育运动可以增进国与国之间的友好感情。

  2.2 In the last decades, advances in medical technology have made it possible for people to livelonger than in the past. Yet when it comes to the desirability of extending the life of theterminally ill, some people, including some doctors, say that the quality of life is as important aslife itself, and that people should in be forced to go on living when the conditions of life havebecome unbearable. They argue that people should be allowed to die with dignity and decidewhen they want to die. However those who are in favor of life-extending measures argue thatlife under any circumstances is better than death and that the duty of doctors is always toextend life as long as possible. There is probably some truth on both sides, but recently thepublic clamor for the legalization of voluntary euthanasia seem increasingly strong.

  在最近几十年,医学技术的进步使得人类有可能比过去活得长了。但是当论及延长一个无可挽救、濒临死亡的人的生命是否必要时,有些人,包括有些医生认为生命的质量和生命本身同样重要;当病情已变得不堪忍受了,就不应迫使这些人再活下去。他们坚持说应允许一个人尊严地死去,允许他们决定什么时候死。但是赞成采取延长生命的方法的人认为在任何情况下生总比死好;一个医生的责任就是尽可能延长一个人的生命。或许双方都有点道理,但是最近公众要求对自愿安乐死合法化的呼声似乎越来越高。

  3、 There is a public / general / much debate /discussion / controversy today / nowadays on/ about / over / as to the problem / issue of....

  Those who criticize / oppose / object to /contend / argue ... that....

  They believe that ....

  But people who advocate / favor ..., on theother hand, maintain / assert that....

  3.1 There is much discussion today about whether fast economic growth is desirable. Thosewho criticize economic growth argue that we must slow down. They believe that society isapproaching certain limits on growth. These include the fixed supply of natural resources, andthe possible negative effects of industry on the natural environment. People who want moreeconomic growth, on the other hand, argue that even at thepresent growth rate, there are stillmany poor people, They maintain that only continued growth can create the capital needed toimprove the quality of life and provide the financial resources required to protect our naturalsurroundings from industrialization.

  现在围绕快速的经济发展是否应该正展开一场热烈的讨论。那些持反对意见者认为我们必须放慢发展速度。他们说发展已接近某种极限!这其中包括有限的自然资源供应和工业对环境造成的消极影响。然而要求更快发展的人则认为,即使按目前的发展速度还是有许多穷人。他们认为经济的持续快速发展才能创造提高生活质量所必需的资本,才能提供用来保护环境不受工业化破坏的资金。

  3.2 There is a general debate on the campus today over the phenomenon of collegestudents' doing a part-time job. Those who object to it argue that students should not spendtheir precious time in this way. But people who advocate it, on the other hand, claim that, bytaking a major-related part-time job or summer job, students can not only improve theiracademic studies, but gain much experience, experience they will never be able to get from thetextbooks.

  关于大学生打工这一现象,校园里正展开一场讨论。反对大学生打工的人指出大学生不应该把宝贵的时间花在这上面。然而赞成者则认为,通过从事一些与专业有关的工作,可以提高学生的学习,还可获得到书本上得不到的许多经验。

来源:考试吧
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