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  4. Now, It is commonly / generally / widelybelieved / thought / held / accepted / felt /recognized / acknowledged that....

  They claim / believe / argue that ....

  But I wonder / doubt whether ...

  4.1 It is commonly believed that the rise in teenagesmoking is the inevitable result of economicdevelopment. They argue that if there are nocigarette advertisement on TV, no cigarettes available everywhere, and no adequate pocketmoney, teenagers are unlikely to take up the habit of smoking. But I doubt that it is asatisfactory explanation. While conceding the effect of advertising and other commercialfactors, I think that the primary cause is social and individual rather than economic.


  4.2 It is widely felt that there is a fear plainly uppermost in the minds of most people today.They are afraid of the future, and if you ask them why, they conveniently blame the atomicbomb. But I suspect that the nuclear weapon is only the scapegoat for our fears. We are notafraid of the future because of a bomb. We are afraid of bombs because we have no faith in thefuture. I believe people no longer have faith in our ability to control our own future.


  5、 To the general public / To most people / Inthe popular mind / In most people's opinion ....

  But despite / in spite of / for all .... I believe.... / one should ...

  5.1 In the popular mind, it is immediately assumedthat when morals are discussed, it is sexual moralsthat are meant. The morals of salesmen, doctors,and taxi drivers are only moderately interesting tothe general public, while the relations between men and women are frequent themes in novelsand movies, themes which no amount of repetition makes stale. Yet in spite of this immensepreoccupation with sex, much attention should be drawn to the general moral standards.


  5.2 To most Chinese parents, college is a place their children should go. And their children, forthe most part, are also anxious to go. It is in Chinese tradition that there is something about acollege that transfers an ordinary child into a superior adult. But in spite of this belief, menand women who have been to college suspect that this is not the case.


  6. Now a lot of / the majority of / many / mostpeople believe / think / feel that....

  But although / Admittedly, ... there is no / littleevidence that / it is questioned /doubted ...

  6.1 A lot of people believe that television has aharmful effect on children. A few years ago, the samecriticisms were made of the cinema. But althoughchild psychologists have spent a great deal of timestudying this problem, there is not much evidencethat television brings about juvenile delinquency.


  6.2 Most people believe that our society of consumption creates the greatest happiness for thegreatest number. Although this view is widely held, there is little evidence that Money bringsabout happiness. Instead, we find our present way of life leads to increasing anxiety,helplessness, and, eventually, to the disintegration of our culture. I refuse to identifyconsumption with joy and fun with happiness.


  6.3 There is some feeling nowadays that reading is not as necessary as it once was. Radio andespecially television have taken over many of the functions once served by print. Admittedly,television serves some of these functions extremely well; the visual communication of newsevents, for example, has enormous impact. The ability of radio to give us information while weare engaged in doing other things ------ for instance, driving a car ------ is remarkable, anda great saving of time. But it may be seriously questioned whether the advent of moderncommunications media has much enhanced our intellectual skills.



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