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2015年英语专业四级考试作文常用句型:引导句(2)

  4. Now, It is commonly / generally / widelybelieved / thought / held / accepted / felt /recognized / acknowledged that....

  They claim / believe / argue that ....

  But I wonder / doubt whether ...

  4.1 It is commonly believed that the rise in teenagesmoking is the inevitable result of economicdevelopment. They argue that if there are nocigarette advertisement on TV, no cigarettes available everywhere, and no adequate pocketmoney, teenagers are unlikely to take up the habit of smoking. But I doubt that it is asatisfactory explanation. While conceding the effect of advertising and other commercialfactors, I think that the primary cause is social and individual rather than economic.

  人们普遍认为青少年吸烟人数上升是经济发展不可避免的结果。他们认为:如果电视上没有香烟广告,香烟不是到处可买得到,孩子的零用钱不是很多的话,青少年不太可能染上吸烟的习惯。但我怀疑这是否是一个满意的解释。虽然有广告和其它商业因素的影响,我认为主要原因是社会和个人因素而不是经济上的。

  4.2 It is widely felt that there is a fear plainly uppermost in the minds of most people today.They are afraid of the future, and if you ask them why, they conveniently blame the atomicbomb. But I suspect that the nuclear weapon is only the scapegoat for our fears. We are notafraid of the future because of a bomb. We are afraid of bombs because we have no faith in thefuture. I believe people no longer have faith in our ability to control our own future.

  人们普遍感到现在大多数人明显地有一种恐惧感。他们怕将来。如果问他们为什么怕,他们会很随意地怪原子弹。但我怀疑,核武器不过是我们害怕的替罪羊。我们怕将来不是因为有了原子弹,说我们怕原子禅,实际上是对未来没有信心。我认为人们对自己是否有能力控制将来已丧失信心了。

  5、 To the general public / To most people / Inthe popular mind / In most people's opinion ....

  But despite / in spite of / for all .... I believe.... / one should ...

  5.1 In the popular mind, it is immediately assumedthat when morals are discussed, it is sexual moralsthat are meant. The morals of salesmen, doctors,and taxi drivers are only moderately interesting tothe general public, while the relations between men and women are frequent themes in novelsand movies, themes which no amount of repetition makes stale. Yet in spite of this immensepreoccupation with sex, much attention should be drawn to the general moral standards.

  当讨论起道德问题时,大多数人会立即认为是指性道德。一方面售货员、医生和出租车司机的职业道德不大为公众所关心,而另一方面男女间的关系却是小说和电影中经常出现的主题,再怎么不断重复也不会失去其新鲜感。因此尽管人们对性的题目津津乐道,我认为应注意整个道德水平。

  5.2 To most Chinese parents, college is a place their children should go. And their children, forthe most part, are also anxious to go. It is in Chinese tradition that there is something about acollege that transfers an ordinary child into a superior adult. But in spite of this belief, menand women who have been to college suspect that this is not the case.

  大多数中国父母看来,大学是他们的子女应该去的地方。而他们的孩子在大多数情况下也渴望上大学。中国的传统观点是大学能把一个普普通通的孩子培养成一个超人一等的人。但是尽管人们有这个观点,凡是读过大学的人却认为情况并非如此。

  6. Now a lot of / the majority of / many / mostpeople believe / think / feel that....

  But although / Admittedly, ... there is no / littleevidence that / it is questioned /doubted ...

  6.1 A lot of people believe that television has aharmful effect on children. A few years ago, the samecriticisms were made of the cinema. But althoughchild psychologists have spent a great deal of timestudying this problem, there is not much evidencethat television brings about juvenile delinquency.

  许多人都认为电视会给孩子带来危害。前几年,对电影也有类似的指责。然而尽管青少年心理学者花了许多时间来研究这个问题,却很少有证据表明电视造成了青少年犯罪。

  6.2 Most people believe that our society of consumption creates the greatest happiness for thegreatest number. Although this view is widely held, there is little evidence that Money bringsabout happiness. Instead, we find our present way of life leads to increasing anxiety,helplessness, and, eventually, to the disintegration of our culture. I refuse to identifyconsumption with joy and fun with happiness.

  许多人认为,我们这个消费社会给绝大多数人带来了最大的幸福。尽管人们普遍这样认为,却很少有证据表明钱能给人带来幸福。相反,我们发现,现在的全活方式使人越来越感到焦虑不安,孤立无援,最终导致我们文化的崩溃。我不认为消费就是快乐,玩乐就是幸福。

  6.3 There is some feeling nowadays that reading is not as necessary as it once was. Radio andespecially television have taken over many of the functions once served by print. Admittedly,television serves some of these functions extremely well; the visual communication of newsevents, for example, has enormous impact. The ability of radio to give us information while weare engaged in doing other things ------ for instance, driving a car ------ is remarkable, anda great saving of time. But it may be seriously questioned whether the advent of moderncommunications media has much enhanced our intellectual skills.

  现在有些人觉得,阅读没有像过去那样有必要了。无线电广播,尤其电视已代替了曾经由印刷所起的许多作用。确实,电视极好地发挥了其中的一些功能,如新闻通过图像来传送有很大的影响。无线电广播能使我们边干事,如开车,边收听消息,真是了不起,且可节约许多时间。但是人们或许会认真发问,这些现代传播媒体的出现是否已提高了我们的知识技能。

来源:考试吧
责任编辑:Cherry

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