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2015年12月英语四级段落翻译模拟预测(四)

  年画

  年画 (New Year picture) 是最受中国家庭欢迎的民间手工艺术形式之一。年画一般在春节时张贴。因年画在新的一年到来后才会被换,故称“年画”。年画是中国民间美术中较大的一个艺术门类,它始于古代的“门神画 (door-god picture)”,据说贴在家门上可以辟邪。同时,年画还可以美化居家环境,增添节日的喜庆气氛,为家人带来幸福和欢乐,表达了民众向往美好生活的愿望。

  New Year Picture

  The New Year pictures are one of the most popular folk handcraft arts among Chinese families. Generally, they’re posted during the Spring Festival. Because they will be replaced after another New Year’s arrival, hence their name is New Year pictures. The New Year picture in China is a large category of folk art, originating from the door-god picture, which is believed to exorcise evil spirits when posted on the door of a house. At the same time, the pictures can beautify people’s homes, enhance the festive atmosphere and bring happiness and joy to the family, and express their hopes for a better life.

  算盘

  算盘 (abacus) 是一种手动操作计算辅助工具形式。它起源于中国,迄今已有2600多年的历史,是中国古代的一项重要发明。在阿拉伯数字 (Arabic numerals)出现前,算盘是世界广为使用的计算工具。现在,算盘在亚洲和中东的部分地区继续使用,尤其见于商店之中,可以从供应中国商品和日本商品的商店里买到。在西方,它有时候被用来帮助小孩子们理解数字,而一些数学家喜欢体验一下使用算盘计算出简单算术 (arithmetical)问题的感觉。

  Abacus

  An abacus is a form of manually operated counting aid. It has originated in China over 2600 years ago. It is one of the most important inventions of ancient China. The abacus used to be the most widely used calculation tool before the appearance of Arabic numerals. At present, abacuses continue to be used in part of Asia and the Middle East, especially in the shops, and they are available in stores which stock Chinese or Japanese goods. In the west, it is sometimes used to help young children grasp numbers, and some mathematicians enjoy experimenting with the abacus to work out simple arithmetical problems.

来源:中华考试网
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