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2015年12月英语四级段落翻译模拟预测(五)

  孔子

  孔子 (Confucius) 是我国古代著名的思想家、教育家,儒家学派 (Confucian School) 的创始人。相传孔子有弟子三千,贤弟子72人,孔子曾带领部分弟子周游列国14年。在中国五千年的历史上,对华夏民族的性格、气质 (temperament) 产生最大影响的人就算是孔子了。他正直、乐观向上、积极进取。他一生都在追求真、善、美,一生都在追求理想的社会。他品格中的优点,几千年来影响着中国人,特别是影响着中国的知识分子。

  Confucius

  Confucius is a famous ideologist, educator, and the founder of Confucian School in ancient China. It’s said he has 3,000 disciples, 72 out of whom are excellent ones, and he has led some disciples to visit various states for 14 years. During 5,000 years’ history of China, it’s Confucius who has exerted the greatest impact on Chinese nation’s characteristic and temperament. He is upright, optimistic, active and enterprising, striving for truthfulness, kindness and beauty, and seeking for an ideal society all his life. The shining points in his characteristics have been influencing the Chinese people, especially the Chinese intellectuals for thousands of years.

  中国人和红色

  中国人很喜欢红色, 甚至称自己为“赤子”。红色在汇总过象征着权力和喜庆。很多朝代的官服是红色的;在清代,官帽上深浅不同的红色代表了不同的官位。公文的标题通常也用红色,这就是它们被称为“红头文件(red-head documents)”的原因。另外,用于婚礼的双喜字是红色的。春节期间,老人们也会给小孩子们发红包,当做新年的礼物和祝福。

  Chinese and the Color of Red

  We Chinese like the color of red, and even we call ourselves as Chizi, which means a patriot. In China, red represents the power and happiness. Official robes of many dynasties were red. In the Qing Dynasty, different shades of red on the official caps showed different rankings. Headlines of official documents are often printed in red. For that reason, it’s called “red-head documents”. In addition, the Chinese character signifying double happiness used for weddings is red. During the Spring Festival, elder people will give Hongbao (or red pacekt)to the children as gifts and wishes for the new year.

来源:中华考试网
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