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2015年大学英语四级考试过关精练与解析(1)

  1. I have had great deal of trouble______________________________.(跟得上班上的其他同学)

  2. I don't mind your_____________(你延期做出决定) the decision as long as it is not too late.

  3. In the Chinese household, grandparents and other relatives_____________(起着不可缺少的作用) in raising children.

  4. Mark often____________________________(试图逃脱罚款) whenever he breaks traffic regulations.

  5. When I __________________(发现他骗我) I stopped buying thins there and started dealing with another shop.

  6. I suggested he ____________________ (使自己适应) his new conditions.

  7.  What a lovely party! It's worth_________________( 牢记一生 ).

  8.  If you won't agree to our plan,_____________________( 他们也不会同意 ).

  9.  His remarks left me ____________________________( 想知道他的真实目的 ).

  10.  If you had_____________________ ( 听从了我的劝告,你就不会陷入麻烦)

  11. Though you stay in the sea for weeks, you will not____________( 失去联系 ) the outside world.

  12. The fifth generation computers, with artificial intelligence,_____________( 正在研制 ) and perfected now.

  13. How close parents are to their children_________________ __( 有很强的影响 ) the character of the children.

  14. The room is in a terrible mess; it _____________________ (肯定没打扫过) .

  15. With tears on her face, the lady _____________________ (看着他受伤的儿子被送进手术室)

  Answer:

  1. keeping up with the rest of the class.  「超级句型」trouble可以用在句型"have trouble doing sth. " 做某事有困难"中,这时,trouble可以用difficulty来代替。

  「超级短语」keep up with意为"跟上……",指并肩前进,并驾齐驱,不至落后、掉队。catch up with意为"赶上",指从后边追上或改变落后状。

  2. delaying making  「超级单词」mind作及物动词,后面通常接名词、代词、V-ing形式、复合结构、从句等。

  Delay后接动词时,应该接动词的ing形式。

  3. play indispensable roles  「超级短语」play a part/role in起着……作用,饰演……的角色。

  4. attempts to escape being fined  「超级单词」escape后面要接动名词形式。常与介词from搭配,如He has escaped from the fire.

  5. caught /found him cheating me  「超级句型」find/catch+宾语+宾补,如I found him standing by the river.

  6. should adapt himself to  「超级句型」suggest作"建议"时,其宾语从句中要用虚拟句型"suggest that sb.(should)do sth."结构;从suggest还可以联想到宾语从句中同样要用虚拟语气的相关动词如:insist,demand,order,ask,advise等。

  「超级短语」adapt oneself to 使自己适应或习惯于,其他搭配: adapt from 根据……改写/改编

  7. remembering all my life  「超级单词」Be worth doing……/值得做某事,还有说法是worth sth. 如:He is worth the praise.

  8. neither will they  「超级单词」neither表示"两者都不", 表示"也"、"也不" 的句子要部分倒装。如:If you won't go, neither will I.

  9. wondering about his real purpose  「超级单词」leave sb doing 让继续处于某种状态;leave sb to do sth 让某人干某事

  10. followed my advice, you would not be in trouble now.  「超级句型」虚拟语气在if 引导的条件句中的用法

  从句:if + 主语+ 动词的过去式(be 用were) + ……

  主句:主语+ would (should, could , might) + 动词原形+ ……

  11. lose contact with  「超级短语」lose contact with/lose touch with与……失去联系

  12. are being developed  「超级句型」"be being done"现在进行时的被动语态表示此时此刻某事正在被做。其中动词be应随主语作相应变化。

  13. has a strong influence on/effect on

  「超级短语」influence/effect作名词(常与on连用)对……有影响力。

  influence指"通过说服、举例等对行动、思想、性格等产生不易觉察到的,潜移默化的影响",如:Influenced by a high-school biology teacher, he took up the study of medicine.

  effect指"实现"、"达成",着重"造成"一种特殊的效果,如:This book effected a change in my opinion.

  14. can't have been cleaned  「超级句型」"情态动词+have done"表示推测,must/can/may/might/could各用于不同句型中,must只用于肯定句中,can/could不能用于肯定句中,may/might不能用于疑问句中。can't表示不可能,may not表示可能不。如题中推测的为过去的事情,情态动词后则用完成形式。

  15. watched her injured son sent into the operation room.  「超级句型」see/watch……sb./sth.+done强调某动作的全过程,且宾语和动作间是被动关系

来源:中华考试网
责任编辑:Cherry

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